Women in Science: Preparing for Interviews

As a Royal Holloway and Bedford New College alumni and someone who has also worked for the College after graduating from an undergraduate programme, I was very excited at the prospect of connecting with alumni from an earlier generation. The history of the College is of immense personal interest so to be able to contribute something to the College’s archives feels like a real honour. As such, I’m very keen to do it well.

I was initially provided with a copy of my interviewee’s application to study at university, as well as her academic transcript. I was interested to see that Bedford College was her third choice of university, whilst Oxford and Cambridge women’s colleges proceeded it, but she was not offered a place at either. This immediately brought questions to my mind: did my interviewee feel happy with her place at Bedford College? Has she felt the effects of missing out on those top institutions in her career? Why did she choose women-only institutions?

I contacted my interviewee by email initially and asked whether she was still happy to participate in the project. I didn’t want to intrude with a phone-call so early on, in case it made her feel obliged to talk to me. But luckily she answered my email right away and asked me to give her a call that evening. I live about an hour away from her, and she advised me to take the train rather than drive as the traffic is a nightmare on the way over. She then offered to pick me up from the station as it is a hilly walk up to her house. We spent about twenty minutes on the phone and she asked me a few questions about myself and my time at Royal Holloway. Although the project isn’t about me and oral history interviews aren’t a two way process in that respect, I did give her a bit of information about my studies and career so far. I think this helped to reassure her actually and I really wanted to do that considering she was inviting me, a stranger, into her home to talk to her about her life.

I had a few days between our telephone conversation and actual meeting to be able to prepare questions. I was really excited to meet my interviewee and frequently found my mind wandering to questions I could ask, so the planning stage was very easy! I kept a notebook in my bag so I could jot my thoughts down as they came to me. I was nervous about the recorder though and it was harder to plan around that. When using a recording devise for another of my MA projects, I found it just stopped recording one of my interviews mid-way through and I couldn’t discover why. I was nervous of this happening again, since I am using the exact same device. I kept checking it every day to make sure it was able to record anything – an attempt to reassure myself that I wouldn’t suffer a technology-induced embarrassment in front of my interviewee, a woman whose career, and indeed life, was at the forefront of technological advances.

The Interview

The day of the interview came around and I caught the train, feeling nervous and also excited to meet this amazing woman. I read through my questions on the train (and checked the recording device one last time!). We met at the station and conversation flowed between us naturally. My interviewee is certainly an interesting woman.

The difficulty was, however, that she didn’t like talking when the recorder was on. Her answers were quite short and I was conscious of hoping my questions didn’t sound too leading. She also tended to look to me for reassurance when making answers, in case it wasn’t the information I was looking for. Whilst she was very honest with her answers and I don’t feel I influenced their content, I think she was trying to please me with the style of response. I thought I had plenty of questions, but I found they only just took up 45 minutes – the shortest time my interview should be. Once the recorder was off, my interviewee made me a coffee and then she really started to open up. Once the invasive recorder was back in my bag, she told me some really fascinating stories about her family life and I could see how this must have shaped her academic life. It was like speaking with a different person. I should have pulled the recorder back out, but I didn’t want to put her off again. Instead, I made a mental note of the stories and I plan to ask her about them in my second interview.

This has helped me to plan questions for this next interview, and I have listened back over my recording to provide further inspiration for the second interview. She spoke a lot about her experience of sports clubs in College life and I’d like to know more about that social aspect of studying at university in the 1950s, as well as how her family’s background influenced her interest in science. The main difficulty is trying to find a time we are both free. I work full-time, whilst my interviewee has a very active life but I am really hoping to meet her again soon.

This has been a fantastic project to be a part of and it’s been of personal and academic benefit to meet a woman who has led such an interesting life, especially someone who is a fellow alumnus.

Generation Z: An exercise in telling the truth

New-Millennials. Naughties Babies. Generation Z. Who are the people born in the twenty-first century?

My oral history project idea takes place in 2040. I’m interested in interviewing 100 30-40 year olds about their life story so far. What’s been their experience of growing up in the new millennium? How has social media, a platform for shaping your own life story on a daily basis, influenced their ability to reflect on their life honestly?

Generation Z have grown-up at a time where online image is key. Teenage girls are crying in school nurses’ offices about their Facebook profile picture and 10 year olds are fighting over Instagram. Smart phones are nondescript. Put your hand in your pocket and take out a communication device which will snap a photo of your lunch, roll out your emails instantaneously and let you call your best friend all at the same time. Never switch it off. You need to know just what your friends are posting online at 1am, and then it’s your alarm at 6.55am. And then 7. And then 7.05… That hazy light might pollute the darkness of your room for hours afterwards, infiltrating your quality of sleep, but it was worth it to know what X wrote on Y’s new profile picture, wasn’t it?

That’s 2016. But how will these youngsters feel in their 30s and 40s? Oral history provides an accessible platform for expressing your life honestly, reflecting on past experiences. After a youth spent shaping the presentation of your life to others, creating an online ‘persona’ instead of just being you, how will Generation Z fare when given the opportunity to tell the real truth in an interview with a person they’ve only met once or twice?

I’m not really sure at this point. The beauty of oral history is that it is a chance to give voice to those who have been part of an experience, without needing to have some arbitrary existing record as ‘the great and the good’ connected to an aspect of history which has been politically chosen to be remembered for some notion or other. With oral history, power goes back to the people at the core of history as it happens. Everyday is history and we each create and hold our own history. Oral history is ideal for capturing living history. For a generation who have grown up talking about themselves online, it will be fascinating to find out what they have to say in person.